Waste Disposal Fund
The purpose of the Waste Disposal Fund is to cover the costs of disposal of the operating waste materials and spent fuel elements after decommissioning of a nuclear power plant. The disposal fund for nuclear power plant was founded in the year 2000.
The principal cost elements are transport and storage containers, transport operations, reprocessing, disposal of the fuel elements, central waste treatment and intermediate storage, as well as deep geological storage of radioactive waste in two deep geological repositories.
The owners of the five nuclear power plants Beznau 1 and 2, Mühleberg, Gösgen and Leibstadt are required to pay contributions. According to the latest calculations, the overall disposal costs amount to around 18.5 billion francs (2016 price base). Of that total, 10.98 billion francs must be covered by the disposal fund. 7.52 billion francs are incurred by way of waste disposal costs before decommissioning a power plant and must be paid by the owners from the current account.
Cost study 2016 – The costs are reviewed every five years
The cost study 2016 was drawn up in the years 2015 and 2016. The independent review of the study was performed by the Swiss Federal Nuclear Safety Inspectorate (ENSI) and international experts in 2017. By comparison with the 2011 cost study, the costs have been reorganised and restructured. The process for review of the cost study has also been redefined: control and coordination of the cost study review have been entrusted to the Administrative Commission of the Decommissioning and Waste Disposal Fund.
At the end of 2017, the Administrative Commission submited a proposal to the Federal Department of the Environment, Transport, Energy and Communications (DETEC) with a view to determination of the decommissioning and waste disposal costs. The annual contributions of the operators to the two funds will be assessed on the basis of the decision taken by DETEC.